Bronze Sculpture

Cast in bronze using the lost wax process.

African Art the Bronze casting process:

First the artist moulds his work in wax, providing an outlet for the melted metal in a kind of extension. The wax core is then covered with powdered clay, when wet the substance clings tightly inside every intricate depression.  On top of this first coating he adds another of rougher clay mixed with kapok floss. When everything is heated, the melted wax drains off the mould.

The smith then puts the metal in a crucible, which he adaptsSAL_2234.jpg (28618 bytes) to the neck of the mold, carefully sealing the two parts with clay. With the crucible at the bottom, he puts everything over the flames of an open fire, which he stokes. When the metal begins to melt, the mold is turned over with a pair of pliers. The melted bronze runs into the hollow form left by the wax. When the metal is cooled, the mold is broken. The work is separated from its stem and the rough edges are removed.

Politics: The Tikar had a large population, sophistication in war, government, industry and the arts, the old Tikar dynasties dominated Central and West Africa for at least three centuries before their decline in the nineteenth century. We estimate that there were more than one million Tikar people. Today there are less than 100000 in the French-speaking zone and 300000 in the English-speaking zone (Banso). They obviously met the criteria for “good slaves.” They were attractive, learned quickly and had a tradition of slavery with-in their own society.

As the Tikar people attempted to abandon their traditional grassy savannahs and the plains where they were easy slave trade targets with no natural protection, they were forced to leave their villages, with slave traders on the one side and four hostile tribes on the other side, seeking revenge.

One of the strategies they applied to fight off the enemy was to dig moats around villages; these still exist in at least five kingdoms. However this strategy failed and the survivors found refuge in the forest.

The slave trade during this drained their brightest and most physically fit young people. Having been weakened by war and the slave trade, they became vulnerable to neighboring tribes who had been subjected by the Tikar for several centuries.

While much more could be known about the Tikar very little scholarship has been invested to recount their history. Their ceramic techniques, architecture and iron smelting kilns were very advanced.

Also read

bulletBronze sculpture catalog click here
bulletBenin bronzes
bulletTikar mask catalog click here
bulletIntroduction to African mask history
bullet8 Basic African mask forms
bulletAfrica Map

Learn more about African masks click links below.

Fang    Beta    Guro   Yoruba    Punu   Tikar   Bamileke   Chokwe   Dan   Igbo   Baule   Kwele   Goli   Teke   Bamoun   Baga   Songye   Toma  Kuba  Dogon  Ashanti




View Cart
Product Catalog
African masks
African Hats - Kofia 
Juju Hats
Zulu Hats
Chess sets
Ostrich egg art
African Art  Paintings
Djembe - Drums
Fertility dolls
Shadow Boxes
Bronze Sculpture
Home Decor
Granary doors
Candle holders
African Juju Hat
Hoodia Gordonii
Kung Bushman Hoodia
S. Africans Robbed from Life Savings
Art History
Intro African Art
Mask History
Rock Art San tribe
9 Basic Mask Forms
Djembe History
Traditional Clothing
Bronze sculpture
Tribal Masks
Ceremonial Masks
Africa countries
Fact sheets and info
Flags Of Africa
Maps Of Africa
Map of the continent
South Africa Map
News Africa
War in Africa
Child Abuse Africa
Coon Carnival
S.A. History
Index African History
Apartheid S. Africa
Slaves at the Cape
SA Constitution
SA Bill of Rights
Travel South Africa
S.A Heritage Sites
Cradle Of Humankind
Robben Island
St Lucia Wetland
Drakensberg Park
Nature Reserves
Health Revolution

Home  Site Map  About Us  Shipping  Guarantee  Testimonials  E-mail  Privacy policy  Contact

How to make a purchase

More Than 1/2 Million Black South Africans Robbed from Life Savings In Black Economic Empowerment Deals

 Copyright Rebirth 2000 You may not use or reproduce text and or images without permission.