the people of South Africa, Recognize the injustices of our past; Honour
those who suffered for justice and freedom in our land;
Respect those who have
worked to build and develop our country; and Believe that South Africa
belongs to all who live in it, united in our diversity We therefore,
through our freely elected representatives, adopt this Constitution as the
supreme law of the Republic so as to —
Heal the divisions of the
past and establish a society based on democratic values, social justice
and fundamental human rights; Lay the foundations for a democratic and
open society in which government is based on the will of the people and
every citizen is equally protected by law;
Improve the quality of
life of all citizens and free the potential of each person - Build a
united and democratic South Africa able to take its rightful place as a
sovereign state in the family of nations. May God protect our people.
Nkosi Sikelel’ iAfrika.
Morena boloka setjhaba sa heso. God seen Suid-Afrika. God bless South
Africa. Mudzimu fhatushedza Afurika. Hosi katekisa Afrika.
FOUNDING PROVISIONS -
Republic of South Africa.
- The Republic of South
Africa is one, sovereign, democratic state founded on the following
- Human dignity, the
achievement of equality and the
advancement of human rights and freedoms.
- Non-racialism and
- Supremacy of the
constitution and the rule of law.
- Universal adult
suffrage, a national common voters roll, regular elections and a
multi-party system of democratic government, to ensure accountability,
responsiveness and openness.
Constitution is the supreme law of the Republic: law or conduct
inconsistent with it is invalid, and the obligations imposed by it
must be fulfilled.
a common South African citizenship
citizens are equally entitled to the rights, privileges and benefits
of citizenship: and equally subject to the duties and responsibilities
legislation must provide for the acquisition, loss and restoration of
national anthem of the Republic is determined by the President by
national flag of the Republic is black, gold green, white, red and
blue as described and sketched in Schedule 1
official languages of the Republic are Sepedi, Sesotho, Setswana,
siSwati, Tshivenda, Xitsonga, Afrikaans, English, isiNdebele, isiXhosa
the historically diminished use and status of the indigenous languages
of our people, the state must take practical and positive measures to
elevate the status and advance the use of these languages.
national government and provincial governments may use any particular
official languages for the purposes of government, taking into account
usage, practicality, expense, regional circumstances and the balance
of the needs and preferences of the population as a whole or in the
province concerned; but the national government and each provincial
government must use at least two official languages. Municipalities
must take into account the language usage and preferences of their
national government and provincial governments, by legislative and
other measures, must regulate and monitor their use of official
languages. Without detracting from the provisions of subsection.
official languages must enjoy parity of esteem and must be treated
South African Language Board established by national legislation must-
promote and create conditions for the development and use of- all
official languages: the Khoi, Nama, and San languages: and sign
language promote and ensure respect for- all languages commonly used
by communities in South Africa, including German, Greek, Gujarati,
Hindu, Portuguese, Tamil, Telegu and Urdu; and Arabic, Hebrew,
Sanskrit and other languages used for religious purposes in South